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Torah portion Mishpatim Exodus 21:1-24:18

Mishpatim is Hebrew for "Judgments" and these appear to be an expansion of the 10 Commandments.

Summary: Torah Portion Mishpatim provides a series of laws dealing with the following topics: release of a Hebrew slave in the seventh year of servitude; murderers are to be put to death, but those who commit involuntary manslaughter are to be provided cities of refuge;  capital offenses are meted to: anyone who kills a parent, kidnappers who sell their victims, those who do bestiality, and performers of witchcraft; “eye for an eye” is applied in cases of injury (rabbis read this as a form of financial compensation); there are compensations for property loss; protections for the underprivileged (widows and orphans); equality in courts for rich and poor alike; sabbatical years to allow fields to rest; pilgrimage festivals (Feast of Unleavened Bread, Feast of First Fruits, and Feast of Ingathering); no idol worship; G-d is sending a messenger to lead the Hebrews.  There is the first of three admonitions not to boil a kid in its mother’s milk (the others are Ex 34:26 and Deu 14:21). A messenger (or angel) will lead the Hebrews into Canaan and stinging wasps will drive out the enemies. The Torah portion ends with Moses, two of his nephews, and the elders participating in religious rituals, with Moses’ ascent to receive the Tablets of Stone written by the hand of G-d.